Sex crimes | Analysis of sexual crimes

 

 

Sexual offenses, from the perspective of Criminal Profiling, have several strands with specific types depending on the country and the understanding. It is a very complex subject and can be analyzed from various angles. Pedophilia and paraphilia, for example, deal with specific aspects that involve sexual crimes and therefore need to be explained separately.

First, it is necessary to demystify some information found in common sense and that may even make it difficult to investigate erroneous ideas about how sexual crimes occur.

In Brazil, as in many other countries, there is a cultural environment that makes it difficult to determine sexual crimes, and it propagates information that inhibits victims from seeking the authorities to report.

There are researches elaborated by Ipea that have data from Brazil about rape from 2011 to 2014. Remembering that there is an enormous underreporting, then the number of cases is much higher than those studied and specified in both the research and the research done abroad.

For common sense, the rapist is an unknown person, mentally ill or a monster who commits a heinous crime in small number and who must be punished severely. Even prisoners themselves see the rapist as someone who must be punished and is often placed in a separate cell in order not to suffer retaliation from the other prisoners.

In addition, authorities need to be very careful when they indict a person for the crime of rape, since that person will be rejected and their life will never be the same again.

Looking at these facts, we see that there is a notion of high reproach when it comes to sex crimes. On the other hand, there is the blame of the victim and their fear of acting, because they may suffer a new violence when they need to recount the facts and are often discredited, as it is a crime that hardly leaves a trace.

With all of this, there are several myths about the rapist, and the profiler needs to know and understand reality to analyze a crime scene, since sex crime goes far beyond an act; it also involves the culture and social vision of the place where it occurred.

There are different kinds of rapes that can be related to: those committed by strangers, those committed by acquaintances, rape of vulnerable, male rape, marriage rape (which has recently been recognized by the UK) and collective rapes. All these sexual crimes have their peculiarities and can be analyzed from the general characteristics to the specific ones.

As for the facts about the rapes:

As for the facts about the rapes:

 

  • Most victims know the offender;
  • Most crimes take place in an enclosed space;
  • They have no evidence of the presence of psychopathology;
  • Focus on the expression of power and humiliation by domination, not libido;
  • Threat is the greatest weapon of the aggressor, not necessarily physical aggression;
  • It happens to any woman, regardless of her attitudes.

 

With regard to rapists:

 

With regard to rapists:

  • Usually they have committed five rapes on average before being convicted;
  • The main elements are anger, power and sexuality often linked to sadism;
  • Sex itself is not the primary motivation, but what the act means;
  • There are several classifications, including organized and disorganized;
  • They have a specific fantasy and try to keep it as close as possible.

From this information it is possible to infer that rapists are not usually mentally ill; who commit the crimes chiefly with known persons in enclosed places; who do not choose their victims by provocations but by individual fantasies; and that usually leave no trace, which makes difficult its capture.

They are motivated by the power, anger or sadism exercised in sex by submission and humiliation and not by sex itself, by libido. There is a sexual pleasure involved, but linked to the feeling that leads to committing the act, and may even feel in other acts as is the case of rapists who escalate to serial killers, something more common among those motivated by sadism and anger , because they are more violent and feel a sexual gratification not only of verbal but also physical violence.

In addition, by the momentary pleasure provided, they tend to act continuously, because they will always have the impetus to feel that pleasure again and will always act to satisfy their needs.

Sexual crime is a difficult subject to understand and often seen as a matter to be avoided, but it occurs all the time and therefore needs to be studied and approached more often, especially in investigations for better resolution.